Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and diseases (STDs) are spread through intimate sexual activity: vaginal, anal and oral sex. Many STDs can be cured. Others cannot. But all STIs and STDs can be treated. Early diagnosis and treatment is essential to prevent serious health problems.

If you think you have been exposed to a sexually transmitted disease or have symptoms like unusual discharge, itching, a rash or anything that doesn’t feel normal, contact Choices immediately. A Choices medical professional will answer all your questions, get you any needed treatment and advise you on making responsible decisions about your sexual health.

Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea

Symptoms usually appear about 10 days after infection including discharge from the penis, vagina or rectum; painful or difficult urination; and, in women, abdominal pain and bleeding. Antibiotics can cure Gonorrhea.

Syphilis

Syphilis

Symptoms appear about 2-6 weeks after infection and include painless sores on or near your genitals, anus, or mouth. About 3-6 weeks later, you may experience a rash on your hands, feet or other body parts. Syphilis can be cured with antibiotics.

Genital Herpes

Genital Herpes

Symptoms usually appear about 2-10 days after infection including itching, burning, pain in your legs, buttocks or genital area, vaginal discharge, pressure in your abdomen or small red bumps that crust over and heal. There is NO CURE, but medication helps.

Chlamydia

Chlamydia

One of the most common STIs. Symptoms usually appear about 1-3 weeks after infection and include discharge from your penis or vagina, period pain, pain during intercourse, and burning while urinating. Chlamydia can be cured by antibiotics, but pelvic inflammatory disease or infertility still can occur.

HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) causes Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), transmitted by blood and body fluids. If HIV leads to AIDS, serious symptoms can develop and can ultimately lead to death.

Genital Warts

Genital Warts

Symptoms appear about 3 months or more after infection. Symptoms include small, hard, painless bumps inside or around the vagina, penis, anus or mouth, that may develop tops that look like cauliflower tops. The warts are removed by using surface medications or by freezing or laser, but THERE IS NO CURE.

Hepatitis

Hepatitis

There are three different kinds of hepatitis, some of which are spread more easily than others. Hepatitis A, B and C can all be transmitted sexually, however hepatitis B is the type most likely to be sexually transmitted. All types of hepatitis affect the liver. Hepatitis B and C are the leading cause of liver cancer.

Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis

Symptoms appear
about 1-2 weeks or more after infection. Symptoms include discharge from the vagina; itching, swelling or redness in the vagina; pain during sex; burning while urinating. Males may not have any symptoms but can infect others.  If untreated, this infection may cause serious problems, but can be cured with antibiotics.

Chancroid

Chancroid

One of the most common STIs. Symptoms usually appear about 1-3 weeks after infection and include discharge from your penis or vagina, period pain, pain during intercourse, and burning while urinating. Chancroid can be cured by antibiotics, but pelvic inflammatory disease or infertility still can occur.

MPC

MPC

Mucopurulent Cervicitis (MPC) is caused by Chlamydia, gonorrhea or other STIs, and can lead to PID if left untreated. It can cause bleeding during or after sex, unusual vaginal discharge, spotting between periods, lower abdominal pain or pain during sex. There are several different antibiotics that might be prescribed.

Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum is caused by a virus that can be spread sexually and by non-sexual contact through contaminated objects like towels, clothing or sex toys. Symptoms include shiny, smooth, white, dimpled bumps, with a curd-like core and itching on the genitals and trunk area.

LGV

LGV

Lymphogranuloma Venereum (LGV) is not very common in the United States and is most often seen in individuals who have had unprotected receptive anal sex. Stiffness and aching in the groin, as well as swollen lymph nodes are the most common sign and usually appear a week to month after infection.

Scabies

Scabies

Scabies are parasites that infect the skin and cause really intense itching. Scabies can be passed through sexual contact, but is usually passed through non-sexual skin-to-skin contact and can occur anywhere on the body.

Pubic “Crab” Lice

Pubic “Crab” Lice

Pubic or “crab” lice are parasitic insects that survive by feeding on human blood. Pubic lice are different parasites than head or body lice and are usually found in the pubic hair. Pubic lice can cause itching, blue spots and sores.

PID

PID

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) can be caused by different bacteria, including Chlamydia and gonorrhea. It occurs when these bacteria move up from the vagina or cervix into the uterus and reproductive organs.

HPV and Genital Warts

HPV and Genital Warts

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common STD and at least 50% of sexually active people will get it at some time in their lives. HPV usually clears on its own without any problems, but can lead to cancer.

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)

BV is the most common vaginal infection in women of reproductive age. It can be spread through sexual contact, but women can also get this infection unrelated to sexual activity.

Only properly used LATEX condoms and barriers provide protection against STIs, STDs and HIV/AIDS.

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